Potala Palace, the highest ancient palace in the world, was situated on the Red Hill of central Lhasa, reaching an altitude of 3,700 m (12,139 ft) at the topmost point. The Potala Palace is where successive Dalai Lamas held political events and religious activities, as well as their winter residence in the past. With profound Buddhist culture, Potala Palace attracts a large number of pilgrims to pray in this holy place.
The Potala Palace is a landmark of Lhasa and Tibet, containing two parts, the Red Palace and the White Palace. Located on the southern slope of the Red Hill, the Potala Palace was built along the hill. Inside Potala Palace, there're more than 1000 rooms, chanting halls, seminary, temples, diverse chambers for worshipping Buddha, and chambers housing the stupa tombs of eight Dalai Lamas.
Inside the Potala Palace, the walls of all the palaces, halls, and corridors are covered with murals and surrounded by various relievos. Most murals and sculptures are very colorful and have great historical and artistic value, with the topics of the plateau scenery, historical legends, Buddhist stories, construction scene, etc. There are large collections of cultural relics and treasures, including nearly 10,000 various types of thangkas (Buddhist scroll paintings), and tens of thousands of Buddha statues made of gold, silver, jade, wood, and clay. Besides, there are the stupa towers of the successive Dalai Lama in the past dynasties, the decrees for pardon, jade seals issued by Ming and Qing emperors, gifts, plaques, scrolls of Buddhist sutras, crafts, etc. Among all the treasures, the stupas that keep the corpses of successive Dalai Lama are the most precious.